Hardknott Calceus

The original find this reconstruction is based on comes from the Roman fort at Hardknott, which was established in the early 2nd century AD. Unoccupied for some time in mid-century it became garrisoned again after 160 AD.

The shoe bears a number of similarities with other 2nd century AD finds in terms of design (compare e.g. with the Bar Hill Calceus). Constructional details show the usual technical features, i.e. a one piece upper, construction over a last, and inner, middle and outer layers in the sole construction with the heavy nailing commonly assciated with shoes from military contexts.

The pictures below show a few of the construction steps, together with impressions of the finished shoe. Note how the cut-outs on the vamp relate to the shoe being worn with socks (made after a find from Egypt).


  • Charlesworth, Dorothy, J.H. Thornton. Leather Found in Mediobogdum, the Roman Fort of Hardknott. Britannia IV 1973: 141-152.